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Bill Freedman fonds North America File
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Photographs of birds, mammals, insects, and amphibians

File contains 333 photographic slides taken by Bill Freedman in Florida, the Northwest Territories, Newfoundland, and Ontario between 1972 and 1991. Photographs show birds, large Arctic land mammals, insects, snakes and amphibians.

Photographs of the flora of southern Ontario

File contains 86 photographs largely taken by Bill Freedman (although a few were taken by J.L. Riley and R. Vinebrooke), at several southern Ontario sites between 1972 and 2001. Photographs show plants along the Oakville River, in Algonquin and Point Pelee Parks, the Alvar marsh site (near Orillia), the Windsor prairie, and another site west of London.

Photographs of urban scenes in Halifax, Toronto, and Vancouver

File contains 116 photographs taken by Bill Freedman in Halifax, Toronto, and Vancouver between 1973 and 2002 (though predominantly between 1999 and 2002). Photographs show urban streetscapes and buildings in Toronto, Stanley Park in Vancouver, the Public Gardens and Busker festival in Halifax, as well as Mahone Bay and Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia.

Photographs of flora at Cape Bathurst and Cape Parry, Northwest Territories

File contains 40 photographs taken by Bill Freedman at sites around Cape Bathurst and Cape Parry, near Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories. Photographs show examples of Saxifraga oppostifolia, Phlox sibirica, Primula borealis, Caloplaca elegans, among others. Also includes photographs from nearby sites Blackfly Lake and Malloch Hill.

Photographs of flora and fauna near Jasper, Alberta

File contains 44 photographs taken by Bill Freedman near Jasper and Whistler Mountain, Alberta, between 1973 and 1975. Photographs show mule deer and elk, and many species of plants (occasionally with captions stating the altitude at which they were found). Plants found in this file include Sedum stenopetalum, Rosa acicularism, Silene acaule, Dryas, hookeriana, and Saxifraga bronchialis.

Photographs of birds around Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories

File contains 27 photographs taken by Bill Freedman during two visits to Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories, in 1973 and 1974. Photographs show birds in the area around Tuktoyaktuk, including Semipalmated plover, Whimbrel, Stilt sandpipers, Common eider, and Lapland longspur.

Photographs of tundra scenes, Northwest Territories

File contains 176 photographs taken by Bill Freedman, in the Northwest Territories, on multiple visits from 1973 to 1986. Photographs show tundra scenes (of grave sites, frost polygons, oil spill clean-up sites, and the Native Games), from Tuktoyaktuk, Herschel Island, Cape Bathurst, Inuvik, and Cape Parry.

Photographs of flora at Camp Naivelt, Brampton, Ontario

File contains 18 photographs taken by Bill Freedman at Camp Naivelt (near Brampton, Ontario), between 1973 and 1976. Photographs show plant species of the area, including Erigeron philadelphicus, Erythronium americana, Hesperis matronalis, Anenome canadensis, and Arisaema triphyllum.

Photographs of flora and fungi along the Magnetawan River, Ontario

File contains 17 photographs taken by Bill Freedman along the Magnetawan River (which empties into Georgian Bay), in May 1973. Photographs show several species of flora and fungi of the area, including Trillium undulatum, Trillium erectum, and Caltha palustris. There are also two photographs of a beaver dam.

Photographs of plants around Tuktoyaktuk

File contains 51 photographs taken by Bill Freedman from locations around Tuktoyaktuk, Northwest Territories, between 1973 and 1986. Photographs show plants of the region. One slide also shows TCH sampling at a meadow site.

Photographs of the birds of central Florida

File contains 172 photographs taken by Bill Freedman in central Florida over multiple visits, primarily between 1973 and 1977, but also in 1994. Photographs show various species of heron, crane, spoonbill, hawk, vulture, gull, egret, ibis, grebe, anhinga, pelican, and owl. Photographs are taken predominantly in the Everglades, however a few are from Pigeon Key, Bahia Honda, and Flamingo.

Photographs of flora at Lake Joseph and Parry Sound, Ontario

File contains 50 photographs taken by Bill Freedman at locations near Parry Sound, Ontario, and specifically, Lake Joseph, between 1974 and 1977. Photographs show plants of the region, such as Hepatica americana, Iris versicolor, Lotus corniculatus, and Hieracium aurantiacum. Photographs also show defoliated hillsides caused by the encroachment of forest tent caterpillar into the area.

Photographs of the Harrowby Bay spill site

File contains 20 photographs taken by Bill Freedman at Harrowby Bay (near Tuktoyaktuk), from 1974 to 1975. Photographs document containment efforts after a small oil spill.

Photographs of the area around Smoking Hills, Northwest Territories

File contains 74 photographs taken by Bill Freedman in the Smoking Hills region of Cape Bathurst, Northwest Territories, on multiple visits between 1974 and 1990. Photographs show the scenery of the region, including smoke seepage vents, elemental sulfur deposits, and caribou herd.

Photographs of forest and flora near Thompson, Manitoba

File contains 13 photographs taken by Bill Freedman near Thompson, Manitoba, in 1974. Photographs show Picea mariana and Picea banksiana at various distances from the factory smokestacks of a nickel processing facility. Also, a beaver dam and regrowth after a forest fire.

Photographs of Great Grey, Snowy, and Barred owls

File contains 21 photographs taken by Bill Freedman between 1976 and 1979. Photographs show Great Grey owls at Ajax, Ontario, Snowy owls at Smoking Hills, Northwest Territories, and Barred owls at Algonquin Park.

Photographs of vegetation and trees in central Florida

File contains 65 photographs taken by Bill Freedman in central Florida and North Carolina over multiple visits between 1974 and 1978. Photographs show mangrove, palm, sawgrass, orange groves, hammock, and magnolia, predominantly from the Everglades, but also Okeefenokee, Boca Raton, and the Great Smoky Mountains.

Photographs of Sudbury scenes

File contains 116 photographs taken by Bill Freedman in the region around Sudbury, Ontario, between 1975 and 1986, as part of his thesis fieldwork. Photographs show glacial striae, signs of erosion, and slag heaps, from the Coniston, Falconbridge, and Richard Lake sites near Sudbury, and flora at the nearby Wanapitei River and Burwash..

Photographs of the flora of Fundy National Park

File contains 7 photographs taken by Bill Freedman at Fundy National Park, New Brunswick, in 1975. Photographs show examples of Iris versicolor, as well as scenes along the shore of the Bay of Fundy.

Intense, natural pollution affects Arctic tundra vegetation at the Smoking Hills, Canada : [manuscript and other materials]

File contains the manuscript written by Freedman, with V. Zobens, T.C. Hutchinson, and W.I. Gizyn, for Ecology, volume 71, number 2. File also contains negatives for figures used in text, handwritten data, correspondence, and similar unannotated articles written by some of the contributors.

Photographs of tailings sites around Sudbury

File contains 36 photographs taken by Bill Freedman in the area around Sudbury, Ontario, between 1975 and 1986 (many of which were used as part of his thesis fieldwork). Photographs show tailings ponds, nickel runs, roast beds, and slag pouring at the Coppercliff, Burwash, Coniston, Richard Lake, and Falconbridge sites.

Photographs of the oil spill at Alexandria Bay, New York

File contains 12 photographs taken by Bill Freedman at Alexandria Bay, New York in 1976. Photographs show clean-up efforts after the oil Barge Nepco ran aground on June 23, 1976 and spilled 250,000 gallons of crude oil in the St. Lawrence Seaway. The barge was owned by the Oswego Barge Company of Wilmington, Delaware and held oil owned by the New England Petroleum Company.

Evaluation of loading of sulphate and heavy metals along a S-SE transect centering on Sudbury, Ontario ; Evaluation of sulphate and heavy metal loading rates and total sulphation as affected by forest canopies near Sudbury, Ontario ; Effects of smelter emissions on surrounding forest plant communities near Sudbury, Ontario : [manuscript and correspondence]

File contains three abstracts written by Freedman for presentations for the Workshop Meeting to Consider Methods Involved in Studies of Acid Precipitation to Forect [sic] Ecosystem. Edinburgh, United Kingdom. 19-23 September 1977. Session titles are: 1B: Evaluation of Atmospheric Inputs; 2. Throughfall and Stemflow; 3. Measurement of Effects. File also includes hand-written data and correspondence.
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