Nova Scotia Agricultural College

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Nova Scotia Agricultural College

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • NSAC
  • The College of Agriculture

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1905-2012

History

The Nova Scotia Agricultural College (NSAC) was the third centre for agricultural education and research to be established in Canada. The college was created in 1905 through a merger of the School of Agriculture, set up in 1885 at the Provincial Normal School; the Provincial Farm, founded in 1889 at Bible Hill; and the School of Horticulture, established in 1894 in Wolfville. The new agricultural campus was centred around the farm at Bible Hill and a newly constructed science building. While NSAC's primary role was to educate and prepare farmers for practice, some students completed degrees at Macdonald College at McGill University or at the Ontario Agricultural College in Guelph. Many of these graduates entered government and were among the early Canadian leaders in agricultural public service.

In 1913, campus facilities and programs were expanded in response to federal funding for agricultural education; among the initiatives were home economics education, women’s institutes, rural science and youth training. Government demand for increased food production during World War One further enhanced agricultural education, while pressures from NSAC field staff led to the formation of the Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources and, later, the Department of Agriculture. During the 1920s and 1930s, the college made significant contributions to improving the genetic base of Atlantic Canadian farm livestock.

After World War Two there was a surge in enrolment in response to veterans seeking agricultural training, and the college was further challenged when a fire in 1946 destroyed the science building. A temporary campus at the military hospital facilities in Debert, NS, served until 1953, when a new science building—now known as the Harlow Institute—and a central heating plant enabled the move back to the Bible Hill campus. In 1959 the first campus residence was opened.

During the 1960s, requirements for a more comprehensive vocational and technical agricultural education spurred the development of additional residences, three new academic buildings, new barns and campus services. NSAC's central role was formalized by the four Atlantic provinces in the 1960s, and the degree program was officially recognized through the Maritime Provinces Higher Education Commission. Continued growth throughout the 1970s saw women enrolling in larger numbers, and women’s sports teams and new student services were created, including the Athletic Centre and a new dining hall. The former auditorium in Cumming Hall was redeveloped as the Alumni Theatre.

Provincial legislation in the 1980s enabled an academic agreement with Dalhousie University for degree granting purposes, and September 1981 was the first year that NSAC students were registered into a full four-year BSc program in one of four areas of specialization: Agricultural Economics, Animal Science, Plant Protection and Plant Science. More facilities were built during the 1980s, including the library, Animal Science building, and an extension to the Cox Institute. Growth in faculty and expanded research activities followed, along with increased opportunities in international development programs. In the early 1990s, graduate studies were developed, with MSc and PhD degrees conferred by Dalhousie University.
On July 1, 2012, NSAC became Dalhousie University's Faculty of Agriculture, remaining a distinct campus within the university, led by a principal/dean, a dual role that oversees both academic programs and local campus services and supports.

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General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Nova Scotia Agricultural College. MacRae Library (1912-2012)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Dates of the relationship

1912 - 2012

Description of relationship

MacRae Library was the Nova Scotia Agricultural College Library.

Related entity

Dalhousie University. Faculty of Agriculture (2012-)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

temporal

Dates of the relationship

2012-

Description of relationship

Nova Scotia College of Agriculture became the Faculty of Agriculture on 1 July 2012, when the two institutions merged under the Dalhousie University–Nova Scotia Agricultural College Merger Act. 2012, c. 3, s. 1.

Related entity

MacRae, Herbert Farquhar (1926-2002)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1972-1989

Description of relationship

Herbert Farquhar MacRae was eighth Principal of Nova Scotia Agricultural College, from 1972-1989.

Related entity

Bubar, John Stephen (1929-2014)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1967 - 1987

Description of relationship

John Bubar was the first head of Nova Scotia Agricultural College's Plant Science Department.

Related entity

Jenkins, Bill (1916-2009)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1964 - 1972

Description of relationship

Bill Jenkins was the seventh principal of the Nova Scotia Agricultural College.

Related entity

Karmo, Endel Artur (1912-1991)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1950 - 1977

Description of relationship

Endel Karmo taught at the Nova Scotia Agricultural College concurrently with serving as the Provincial Apiarist.

Related entity

Cox, Parker (1909-2002)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1947 - 1973

Description of relationship

Parker Cox taught English at Nova Scotia Agricultural College from 1947-1973, where he also served as Registrar and Dean of Residence

Related entity

Cox, Kenneth (1899-1994)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1941 - 1964

Description of relationship

Kenneth Cox was the sixth principal of the Nova Scotia Agricultural College, serving from 1948-1964; prior to that he was Professor of Agronomy, Vice-Principal and Farm Director.

Related entity

Banting, Angus (1908-1966)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1937 - 1952

Description of relationship

Angus Banting was the head of Agricultural Engineering at the Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture, the first Professor of Agricultural Engineering at NSAC, and the namesake of the Banting Building.

Related entity

Cumming, Melville (1876-1969)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

associative

Dates of the relationship

1905 - 1927

Description of relationship

Melville Cumming was the first principal of the Nova Scotia Agricultural College.

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  • Clipboard

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  • EAC

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