Series - Olands Brewery Limited

Drawing of overall layout of Oland's Brewery in Saint John, New Brunswick

Title and statement of responsibility area

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Olands Brewery Limited

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  • 1901-1973 (Creation)

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2.25 m of textual records

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Name of creator

Administrative history

Olands Brewery Limited was a brewery based in Saint John, New Brunswick. It was a subsidiary of Oland and Son Limited. Robert Keltie founded a brewery in Saint John in 1833. In 1848 Keltie partnered with Simeon Jones to operate the brewery and it was named the Simeon Jones Brewery. Jones' sons bought the brewery in 1892 and renamed it the Red Ball Brewery. In 1918, George Bauld Oland bought the brewery from the Jones family for $31,000 and became President of the company, while John Culverwell Oland became the head brewer. Geoffrey Oland eventually took control of the company from George Bauld Oland. Sidney C. Oland was a member of the Board of Directors. In 1958, the company ran into financial difficulties and Oland and Son Limited agreed to assume the liabilities of the company. It became a subsidiary of Oland and Son Limited and was renamed Olands Brewery Limited. The brewery primarily brewed Olands Export Ale for sales and distribution in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.

In 1964, a state of the art brewery was built in Lancaster, New Brunswick to replace the aging Red Ball Brewery in Saint John. The $4-million brewery significantly increased the brewing capacity of Oland and Son. The company existed until June 1, 1971 when Oland and Son Limited sold its brewing assets to John Labatt Limited. John Labatt Limited merged the brewing assets of Oland and Son Limited and its affiliated companies into Oland's Breweries (1971) Limited and continued to operate the Halifax and Saint John breweries. See the Oland's Breweries (1971) Limited series for more information. After the sale, Olands Brewery Limited became Lindwood Holdings (N.B.) Limited, a subsidiary of the investment and holding company Lindwood Holdings Limited. See the Lindwood Holdings series for more information.

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Scope and content

Series contains textual records, blueprints, and photographs from 1901 to 1973, with the majority of records created between 1950 and 1971. Series contains records from Simeon Jones Brewery, Red Ball Brewery, and Olands Brewery, but the majority of materials were created by Olands Brewery Limited. Note: Records that deal jointly with Olands Brewery Limited and Oland and Son Limited are filed in the Oland and Son Limited Series.

Series is broken into 10 subseries: Administrative, Beer Production, Blueprints, Correspondence, Financial, Labour and Employee Relations, Legal, Marketing and Advertising, Photographs, and Sales Department.

Administrative Sub-series contains meeting minutes of the Board of Directors and annual general meetings, memorandums and proposals relating to the construction of a new brewery in Lancaster, New Brunswick, construction progress reports, and other memorandums and documents of executive members of the company.

Beer Production Sub-series contains monthly and weekly bulletins on beer production written by J.K.S. Manuel and distributed to executives of the company, a plant operation manual, plans for brewing equipment, a sample of daily and weekly production reports, and brewery inspection reports. Blueprints subseries contains a blueprint of the overall layout of the brewery and prints for structural supports and storage tanks. Some beer production records for Olands Brewery Limited are also filed in the Beer Production Sub-Series of Oland and Son Limited.

Blueprints Sub-series contains a blueprint of the overall layout of the brewery and prints for structural supports and storage tanks.

Correspondence Sub-series contains correspondence between Olands Brewery Limited and various businesses and individuals it interacted with. File titles are either the name of the correspondent or the subject of the correspondence in the file. Subseries also contains the personal correspondence of J.KS. Manual (Plant Manager) and other correspondence mixed in the business papers of the company. Correspondence before 1958 is primarily from Red Ball Brewery.

Financial Sub-series contains financial statements, a general ledger from Simeon Jones Brewery, detailed cost statements of beer produced, balance sheets, and a sample of share certificates. Some of the financial figures of the company were reported in consolidated financial statements of Oland and Son Limited, A. Keith and Son Limited, and Olands Brewery Limited. These statements are filed in the Financial subseries of Oland and Son Limited. Some financial records for Olands Brewery Limited are also filed in the Beer Production Sub-Series of Oland and Son Limited.

Labour and Employee Relations Sub-series contains meeting minutes from the labour management committee, pension plan certificates, lists of withdrawals from the employees' pension plan, reviews of the employees' pension plan, and draft and published labour agreements between Olands Brewery Limited and Local 364 of the International Union of United Brewery, Flour, Cereal, Soft Drink, and Distillery Workers of America.

Legal Sub-series contains a memorandum of agreement and stock book, share transfers, patent certificates, indebtures, mortgage agreements, and real estate agreements.

Marketing and Advertising subseries contains some correspondence about advertising , a proposal prepared by Backman Advertising, sample beer bottle labels, and an advertising poster for a shuffleboard tournament. Advertising and marketing records relating to general Olands products and advertising campaigns are filed in the Marketing and Advertising subseries of Oland and Son Limited.

Photographs subseries consists of four photographs, 1 of the original Army and Navy Brewery in Halifax, Nova Scotia and three prints of David L. Cashen for his appointment as marketing manager.

Sales Department subseries consists of monthly and weekly sales reports and bulletins, reports on deliveries to New Brunswick Liquor Commission stores, statistical reports, and copies of sales reports sent to the Brewers Association of Canada.

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