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Albert E. Roland was Provincial Botanist for the Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture and Professor Emeritus of Biology at the Nova Scotia Agricultural College. Born in Aylesford, Kings County, in 1911, he graduated from Acadia University with a BA in 1931 before attending University of Toronto to study plant pathology, earning an MA in 1936, and then the University of Wisconsin, where he was granted a PhD in 1944.
In 1944 he joined the Nova Scotia Department of Agriculture and started teaching at the Nova Scotia Agricultural College. He was an active researcher and writer and published prolifically, including the seminal Flora of Nova Scotia (1944), which was revised in 1988 as Roland's Flora of Nova Scotia (ed. Marian Zink); Geological Background and Physiogeography of Nova Scotia (1982); and, with Randal Olson, Spring Wildflowers (1993). The herbarium collection at the Nova Scotia Agricultural College is named in recognition of his lifelong contribution to the understanding of Nova Scotia's natural history.
Albert Roland was a member of the Nova Scotia Institute of Science, the Agricultural Institute of Canada, the Nova Scotia Institute of Agrologists, and the Canadian Botanical Association. He served as president of the Nova Scotia Institute of Agrologists (1958-1959) and became a fellow of the Agricultural Institute of Canada in 1971. Named as one of thirty outstanding graduates of Acadia University between 1910-1960, he was granted an honorary DSc from Acadia (1972), the centennial medal (1967) and an LLD from Dalhousie University (1980). He died in September 1991 in Truro, Nova Scotia.