Series - Business archives of A. Keith and Son Limited

Site plan Key plan & parking areas Cellar, first & second floor plans : Unit C Third & fourth floor plans : Unit C Cellar & ground floor plans : Unit B First & second floor plans : Unit B Ground & first floor plans : Unit A Key plan & parking areas Cellar, first & second floor plans : Unit C Third & fourth floor plans : Unit C Cellar & ground floor plans : Unit B First & second floor plans : Unit B Ground & first floor plans : Unit A Detail of louvres for fermenter openings Detail of opening in fermenting tanks Fermenter tanks 8'-0" wide x 15'-1" lg. x 8'-6" high : [drawing] Fermenter tanks 8'-0" wide x 15'-1" lg. x 8'-6" high : [drawing] Fermenter tanks 8'-0" wide x 15'-1" lg. x 8'-6" high : [drawing] Fermenter tanks 8'-0" wide x 15'-1" lg. x 8'-6" high : [drawing] Fermenter tanks 8'-0" wide x 15'-1" lg. x 8'-6" high : [blueprint] 24" x 24 3/8" skimming opening for stainless steel rectangular tanks : [drawing] Booklet of inventory and plans for the Alexander Keith's Brewery building Cross valve piping arrangement for 10'-6" x 18'-4" horiz'l G. L. tanks :... Horiz'l glass lined tanks : [blueprint] Proposed storage room : [blueprint] Horizontal glass lined tanks : [drawing] Horizontal glass lined tanks : [drawing] 24" x 24 3/8" skimming opening for stainless steel rectangular tanks : [drawing]

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Business archives of A. Keith and Son Limited

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  • Textual record
  • Graphic material

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  • 1872-1979, predominately 1945-1971 (Creation)

Physical description area

Physical description

ca. 250 cm of textual records. - 1 photograph.

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Archival description area

Name of creator

Administrative history

A. Keith and Son Limited is one of the oldest brewing companies in Canada. It was established in 1820 by Alexander Keith after he took over a brewing business from Charles Boggs. The brewery was originally located in a house on Argyle Street in Halifax, Nova Scotia, but a larger facility was built on Lower Water Street in 1822. In 1836, Keith expanded again, building a new brewery on Hollis Street. In 1863, Keith Hall was built adjacent to the brewery on Lower Water Street. This building served as Keith's private residence and eventually became the headquarters of Oland and Son.

Alexander Keith was mayor of Halifax and President of the Legislative Council, and held many other public offices. He was involved with numerous boards, companies, charitable organizations, and societies. He died in 1873.

In 1928 Oland and Son Limited acquired an interest in A. Keith and Son. Later, a stock offering was issued and the company became a wholly owned subsidiary of Oland and Son. Oland and Son Limited maintained the A. Keith and Son brand and continued to brew Keith's products until John Labatt Limited purchased all of Oland and Son's brewing assets in 1971.

A. Keith and Son is best known for its Keith's India Pale Ale, but at different periods in the company's history it also brewed Keith's Stag's Head Stout, Keith's Bohemian Lager, and Keith's Medicinal Stout.

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Scope and content

Series contains the records of A. Keith and Son Limited that were created after the company was purchased by Oland and Son Limited and before it was bought by John Labatt Limited. Series also contains some financial records from A. Keith and Son created prior to being purchased by Oland and Son Limited. Note: All records that deal jointly with A. Keith and Son and Oland and Son are filed in the Oland and Son Limited series.

Series is broken into nine sub-series: Administrative, Beer Production, Correspondence, Financial, Labour and Employee Relations, Legal, Marketing and Advertising, and Photographs.

Administrative sub-series contains records created by the administrative branches of A. Keith and Son and include inventories, appraisals, meeting minutes, responses to various surveys from the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, and company reports and memorandums.

Beer Production sub-series contains records created by the Production Department, Bottling Department, and non-sales related records from the Shipping Department. Records include brewers' recipe books, logbooks, yeast books, and production reports. Some beer production records for Olands Brewery Limited are also filed in the Beer Production Sub-Series of Oland and Son Limited.

Blueprints sub-series contains prints and sketches of brewery equipment and buildings.

Correspondence sub-series contains correspondence and related records created by various departments of A. Keith and Son, primarily the executive offices of the company. Most correspondence is filed by the name of the correspondent. Some correspondence is filed by the subject of the correspondence file. Correspondents include businesses and suppliers, associations and government agencies, and other companies affiliated with Oland and Son.

Financial sub-series contains financial records created by executives of A. Keith and Son and the company's auditors and accountants. Records include audited financial statements, a sample of unaudited financial statements, cost statements, general ledgers, share registers, and other financial summaries. Some financial records for Olands Brewery Limited are also filed in the Beer Production Sub-Series of Oland and Son Limited.

Labour and Employee Relations sub-series contains records created by the Labour Management Committee and representatives from Local 361 of the International Union of United Brewery, Flour, Cereal, Soft Drink, and Distillery Workers of America. Records include meeting minutes, surveys, labour agreements, and other employee records. Some labour and employee relations records for Olands Brewery Limited are also filed in the Beer Production Sub-Series of Oland and Son Limited.

Legal sub-series contains the Memorandum of Association, a brewers' license application, and other agreements.

Marketing and Advertising sub-series contains records created for A. Keith and Son by advertising companies. Records include an advertising budget and sample advertisiments.

Photographs sub-series contains photographs and negatives of the brewery and of sports teams sponsored by A. Keith and Son.

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