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Authority Record

Atlantic Federation of Students.

  • Corporate body

The Atlantic Federation of Students was formed in January 1975, as a union of students from 12 Atlantic universities and colleges. Internal and external conflicts led to its disbanding. Student councils in Newfoundland and New Brunswick withdrew from the Federation in 1978. On November 9, 1978, student representatives from 11 Nova Scotia post-secondary institutions met in Halifax to found a provincial organization to replace the AFS.

The AFS had links with the National Union of Students (NUS), which emerged in 1972 from the previous Canadian Union of Students (CUS), formed in the late 1920s. It also had ties to other Canadian student organizations, such as the Ontario Federation of Students (OFS) and L'Association Nationale des Etudiants du Quebec.

Atlantic Fisheries By-Products Association.

  • Corporate body

The Atlantic Fisheries By-Products Association was formed on September 8th, 1942 when ten representatives of the fish liver oil industry in Atlantic Canada decided to create an association "to take an active interest in the promotion, development and protection of the interests of all producers of fish liver oils along the Atlantic seaboard, and to work in close co-operation with the Fats and Oils Administration of the Wartime prices and Trade Board." They also acted as representatives of their members to transportation companies and government committees and officials. The By-Products Association supported the International Association of Fish Meal Manufacturers and was a member of the Fisheries Council of Canada. They also gave financial support in promotion of the use of fishmeal in livestock and poultry feeds.

The Association stopped operations on March 31, 1979 and their remaining interests, marine oil and seals, were taken over by the Nova Scotia Fish Packers Association and the Atlantic Fishing Vessel Association.

Andrew Cunningham was president of the Association for eighteen years. Other presidents included Karl Karlsen, L.C. Hume, W.R. Murdoch, B.J. Comeau, and O. Hjelkrem. Some members of Atlantic Fisheries By-Products Association included Acadia Fisheries Ltd., Booth Fisheries Ltd., Karl Karlsen and Co. Ltd., Lunenburg Sea Products Ltd., National Sea Products Ltd., Quebec United Fishermen, and Whitmoyer Laboratories Inc.

Atlantic Fishing Vessel Association.

  • Corporate body

The Atlantic Fishing Vessel Association, formerly called the Atlantic Trawler Association, was formed in 1970 to give a voice for the offshore fishing industry in Atlantic Canada. During their operations, the Association promoted improvements in vessel safety, design, equipment, and navigational and fishing aids. Members represented a large majority of the offshore fishing vessels operators in Atlantic Canada and Quebec who were primarily involved in the groundfish, scallops, and herring fisheries.

Some of the former presidents included L.C. Hume, P.P. Russell, B. Blais, J.B. Morrow, D.A McLean, and J.A. Reed. Some members of the Atlantic Fishing Vessel Association included B.C. Packers, Booth Fisheries, Comeau's Sea Foods Ltd., Connors Brothers, H.B. Nickerson, Mersey Seafoods Ltd., National Sea Products, Scotia Trawler Equipment Ltd., Usen Fisheries Ltd., and Swim Brothers.

Atlantic Ford Dealers Association.

  • Corporate body
Atlantic Ford Dealers Association is an association of car dealerships in Canada's Atlantic provinces.

Atlantic Institute of Education

  • Corporate body
  • 1970-1982

The Atlantic Institute of Education (AIE) was a short-lived degree-granting body providing graduate studies in education, curriculum research and development, and training for school board directors. It was conceived in 1969 as a cooperative initiative of the four Atlantic provinces to serve as a research and development arm of the education industry. However, Nova Scotia was the only province to enact legislation around it—the Atlantic Institute of Education Act.

The original idea was the brainchild of Nova Scotia premier and education minister Robert Stanfield and, in 1966, on the advice of the Association of Atlantic Universities (AAU), he commissioned the Fletcher report, which recommended that such an institute be established at Dalhousie’s Faculty of Graduate Studies. Despite the enthusiasm of Stanfield and the Nova Scotia Department of Education, the recommendation was not welcomed by the other provinces, Nova Scotia universities, or even Dalhousie.

Despite this, the institute was chartered in 1970, with a board of directors, an academic council, and offices at 5244 South Street. Joseph Lauwerys was appointed as the first director and Gary Anderson as assistant director. In December 1973 the AIE granted its first degrees. In 1975 W.B. Hamilton took over as director and, in an effort to encourage buy-in from the other provinces, he established representation on the academic council from all the provincial universities. In 1976 the institute joined the Association of Atlantic Universities and received support from a series of Nova Scotia ministers of education.

In August 1982 the new Conservative government withdrew all funding and the AIE was shut down.

Atlantic Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual Conference

  • Corporate body
  • 1993-

The first major conference hosted by the Atlantic Canadian gay community was Our Atlantic Gay Community: United Against Oppression, from 8 -10 October 1977. Events included workshops, meetings, an Artisan's Expo, dinner and dance at The Turret, and Halifax's first gay march. The conference was jointly organized by GAE and APPLE (Atlantic Provinces Political Lesbians for Equality.)

The following year the city hosted Building Solidarity: The Fight Against Repression, which marked the sixth national conference of the Canadian Lesbian & Gay Rights Coalition.

In 1979 the Atlantic Gay and Lesbian (AGL) Conference theme was Building a Community Spirit. In 1980 the AGL conference theme was Growing. The fourth AGL conference (1982) was held in Fredericton. By 1993 the conference name had changed to the Atlantic Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual Conference and the theme that year was We Are Everywhere. The conference had 230 people in attendance.

Atlantic Opera Society.

  • Corporate body
The Atlantic Opera Society was formed on December 4, 1972 to fill the need for a united opera community and promote professional opera in the Atlantic provinces. The Society was dedicated to helping foster the growth of local talent as well as technical and administrative operatic personnel. It aimed to gain national and international recognition for the local talent it fostered. The Society was based in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Atlantic Publishers Association

  • Corporate body
The Atlantic Publishers Association (APA) was created in Halifax in 1978 to support the establishment and growth of book publishing houses owned and controlled in Atlantic Canada. A forum for publishers and other stakeholders in the region's publishing industry, it also undertook various promotional projects and studies.

Atlantic Queen Crab Association.

  • Corporate body

The Atlantic Queen Crab Association was formed ca. 1968 to create better marketing and fishery management of the crab fishery. It was in operation until the mid- to late-1980s, but with not much activity since the mid-1970s due to the high market values of crab. Past presidents of the Association included Les. N. Pottie, E.H. Janes, F.J. Frontain, and Emile Gallant.

Some members of the Association included Atlantic Queen Seafood Ltd., Bonavista Cold Storage, Beothic Fish Processors, Connors Brothers Ltd., Eastern Quebec Seafoods Ltd., National Sea Products, H.R. Nickerson and Sons Ltd., Quebec United Fishermen, United Maritime Fishermen, Quinlan Brothers, and Produits Belle-Bois Ltd.

Atlantic Research Centre

  • Corporate body
  • 1967-
The Atlantic Research Centre (ARC) was established in 1967 as the Atlantic Research Centre for Mental Retardation, a centennial project of what was then called the National Institute for the Mentally Retarded.

Atlantic School of Theology

  • Corporate body
  • 1971-

The Atlantic School of Theology (AST) is an ecumenical university based in Halifax, Nova Scotia that provides graduate level theological education. AST was founded in 1971 and formally incorporated on June 28, 1974 through an act of the Nova Scotia Legislature.

Theological education has been provided in Halifax, Nova Scotia since 1878. AST was formed through a merger between the Faculty of Theology, University of King's College (Anglican Church of Canada), Holy Heart Seminary (Roman Catholic Church), and Pine Hill Divinity Hall (United Church of Canada).

Atlantic Symphony Orchestra (Halifax, N.S.).

  • Corporate body

The Atlantic Symphony Orchestra (ASO), Canada's first and only full-time professional regional orchestra, was formed on June 12, 1968. Its predecessors, the New Brunswick Symphony Orchestra and the Halifax Symphony Orchestra, were small volunteer ensembles with limited resources. Demand for a fully professional ensemble and improved facilities -- combined with support from the Canada Council, provincial governments, and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) -- led to the decision to jointly support a regional orchestra and the smaller local orchestras were disbanded. Prior to the formation of the ASO, no professional symphony orchestra existed east of Quebec City.

Although based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, the ASO served the four Atlantic Provinces, travelling over 20,000 kilometres each thirty-four week season to perform in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland. It was supported by five community-based committees: Halifax and Sydney, Saint John, Moncton, and Fredericton. Each committee was responsible for hosting concerts once or twice a season. Hosting included managing ticket sales, fundraising, and local promotion.

The activities of the ASO were governed by the Officers of the Corporation, Board of Directors, Standing Committees, and Local Committees. Full power for the active management and business of the corporation was vested in its Officers, including a President, Vice-President, Secretary, and Treasurer. Past Presidents include Dr. J. F. Filbee, Dr. Richard Goldbloom, Rev. Roland Soucie, and Eric T. Wennberg.

The Board of Directors was composed of representatives of the governments of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, local committee representatives, and at-large members as well as a member of the orchestra and the Executive Director. While the Board was responsible for policy functions, the Executive Director was responsible for the day-to-day operations of the corporation. In recognition of its multi-community character and responsibilities, the Board rotated its annual general meeting among the five key cities. Fundraising was conducted through a separate body known as the Atlantic Symphony Inc., which drew its officers from the interprovincial board.

For the first eleven years, ASO was financially viable, which was attributed to its knowledgeable executives, its renowned conductor, and its concert subscription series. The management group in Halifax operated on a tight budget with a staff of six: an Executive Director (Lionel D. Smith until 1980, then Mark J. Warren), a Musical Director (Klaro M. Mizerit until 1977, followed by Victor Yampolsky), an Orchestra Manager (Leone Wilcox until 1979 when she became Director of Development, succeeded by Loredana Flebbe), an accountant, and two secretaries.

Under Klaro Mizerit (1914-2007), the ASO developed a standard repertoire, including works by Beethoven, Berlioz, Brahms, Haydn, Mozart, Schumann, and Tchaikovsky, among others. It also supported Canadian composers by performing more than one hundred Canadian works. Canadian and world premiers included works by Jean Coulthard, Adrian Hoffman, Michael R. Miller, Patric Standford, and by Mizerit himself. In 1968, Mizerit also founded the Atlantic Choir to perform choral works with the symphony and the Atlantic Chamber Orchestra. Under Victor Yampolsky (b.1942), the ASO continued its tradition of performing both traditional and modern (especially Canadian) repertoire, with performances of works by Beethoven, Bach, Handel, as well as Robert Turner, Janis Kalnins, and Roger Matton.

The ASO rehearsed and regularly performed at the Rebecca Cohn Auditorium in the Dalhousie Arts Centre. It gave subscription, school, and community concerts, which were regularly broadcast on CBC radio and television. In its first year, the orchestra was composed of forty-eight contract players and gave thirty-nine subscription concerts. By 1977, the orchestra had grown to sixty-five players and performed more than one hundred concerts per season. As it became better known, it increasingly attracted nationally and internationally renowned guest artists including Harry Belafonte, Liona Boyd, Maureen Forrester, James Galway, Louis Lortie, Ravi Shankar, Robert Silverman, and William Tritt, as well as conductors such as Raffi Armenian and Vittorio Negri.

By 1979, the operating budget was approximately $1 million, with the Canada Council contributing about a third and the provinces and municipalities providing a further fifteen to twenty percent. The balance of revenues was derived from ticket sales, CBC broadcast income, private and corporate donors, and additional fundraising through women's auxiliary committees. However, in the early 1980s, ASO started running into financial difficulties. A labour dispute in 1979 had suspended operations for twelve weeks, and government cutbacks, high touring costs, and declining corporate support all took their toll. A deficit of $163,300 was recorded in 1981, and in September 1982 the Board of Directors suspended operations, citing a $407,000 deficit. Despite fundraising efforts and a twenty week interim season under the direction of Boris Brott, the Atlantic Symphony Orchestra declared bankruptcy in September 1983. Symphony Nova Scotia, which acquired the ASO's assets, was subsequently formed in Halifax in the same year.

Atlee, Harold Benge

  • Person
  • 1890-1978

Harold Bengee Atlee was born in Pictou, Nova Scotia, in 1890, received his early education in Annapolis Royal, and graduated from Dalhousie Medical School in 1911 at the age of 21, the youngest graduate in the school's history.

He spent a year in general practice followed by post-graduate studies in England. In 1914 he enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps and was awarded the Military Cross for gallantry. He returned to England to complete his studies and became a fellow by the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. He returned to Halifax in 1921 and, despite opposition from his colleagues, was appointed both professor and chair of the first combined Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Dalhousie and Chief of Service at Victoria General Hospital. These appointments of a young and relatively inexperienced physician surprised the medical community. However, Atlee had the support of Dr. John Stewart, Dean of Medicine, and remained at Dalhousie until his retirement in 1958.

An active member of many professional associations, Dr. Atlee was a president of the Nova Scotia Medical Society, the Canadian Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and the Halifax Medical Society. He was named Honorary President of the Dalhousie Medical Alumni Association in 1968. He died in 1978.

Augener Ltd.

  • Corporate body
  • 1853-1962
A publishing firm based in London, England, Augener was founded by George Augener in 1853. In 1904, after acquiring the British publisher Robert Cocks, the firm became Augener & Co., Ltd. In 1910, the company was purchased by Willy Strecker and Schott, although Schott relinquished their interest with the outbreak of World War One in 1914. After the Second World War, they purchased the English publishers Weekes and Joseph Williams. In 1962, they were sold to Galaxy Music of New York, which was in turn sold to Stainer & Bell in 1972.

Auld, Alison

  • Person
Alison Auld became associated with the Centre for Art Tapes in 1998 because their video recording “Bitch, bitch, bitch” became a part of the centre’s tape collection.

Austin, Alfred

  • Person
  • 1835-1913
Alfred Austin (30 May 1835 – 2 June 1913) was an English poet who served as Poet Laureate of England from 1896 to 1913. He succeeded Lord Tennyson after the position was turned down by English poet and textile designer William Morris (24 March 1834 – 3 October 1896).


  • Corporate body


  • Corporate body


  • Corporate body

Babkin, Boris

  • Person
  • 1877-1950
Boris Babkin was a professor of physiology at Dalhousie University from 1924-1928. Born in Kursk, Russia, in 1877, he studied under Ivan P. Pavlov in his laboratory at the Institute of Experimental Medicine until 1912. He taught animal physiology at the Agricultural Institute of Novo Alexandria, and in 1915 he was appointed professor of physiology at the University of Odessa. In 1922 he left Russia due to political reasons and came to Halifax via London, England. He remained at Dalhousie until 1928, when he accepted a position at McGill University, where he served as department chair (1940-1941) and research fellow in physiology (1942-1947). The year before his death in 1950, he was awarded the Julius Friedenwal Medal by the American Gastroenterological Association.

Backhaus, Wilhelm

  • Person
  • 1884-1969
Wilhelm Backhaus was a German pianist and teacher, particularly known for his performances of music by Ludwig van Beethoven and German Romantic composers. Born in Leipzig, he began piano lessons with his mother at age 4. From 1891 to 1899, he studied at the Leipzig Conservatory, before studying with Eugen d'Albert in Frankfurt. In 1905, he won the Anton Rubinstein Competition. Throughout his life, he toured Europe and the United States regularly and held various teaching positions, including at the Curtis Institute of Music. He moved to Lugano, Switzerland in 1930 and died shortly before a concert in Villach, Austria.

Badessi, Barbara

  • Person
Barbara Badessi became associated with the Centre for Art Tapes in 1980s because of their involvement in a video recordings, which became a part of the centre’s tape collection.

Bailey, Busele

  • Person
Busele Bailey became associated with the Centre for Art Tapes in 1992 because her video recording “Women of Strength/ Women of Beauty” became a part of the centre’s tape collection.

Bailey, Chris

  • Person
Chris Bailey is an alumnus of Dalhousie University. He studied with Gregory Kealey and authored an essay on the history of the Nova Scotia Government Employees Union (NSGEU) that Kealey eventually donated to the Dalhousie University Archives.

Baird, Frank, Rev. Dr., 1870-1951

  • Person
Frank Baird (1870-1951) was a Presbyterian minister and author of several books, including Roger Davis, Loyalist, Rob MacNab: Stories of Old Pictou, and Parson John of the Labrador. Born in New Brunswick, he was ordained in 1901 and held pastorates in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland, although much of his life was spent in Pictou, Nova Scotia.

Balcom, Samuel R., Col.

  • Person
  • 1888-1981

Samuel Rosborough Balcom was a prominent Halifax businessman, politician and a member of Dalhousie's Board of Governors for over thirty years. Born 24 March 1888 in Port Dufferin, Nova Scotia, to Elizabeth (Bollong) and Henry Jonas Balcom, he was educated at the Halifax Academy. Later he studied arts and medicine at Dalhousie University (1907-1911) before enrolling in the Maritime School of Pharmacy (1914-1915). In 1915 he married Elizabeth Vera Rankin.

Balcom founded the retail and wholesale drug business MacLeod Balcom Ltd., which later became Balcom-Chittick Ltd. He was active on the city's Board of Trade, serving as president from 1949-1951. He went overseas with the Dalhousie University Medical Unit in World War I and served as Officer Commanding, Medical Stores and Chief Medical Stores Inspection Officer during World War II. Balcom played an active role in his community, sitting on the board of many local organizations. In 1950 he entered federal politics when he won a local by-election and became Liberal MP for Halifax, a position he held until his defeat in 1957. He also had a close relationship with Dalhousie University, serving on the Board of Governors for over three decades and receiving an Honorary Doctor of Laws in 1969. He died in 1981 at age 93.

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