Type of entity
Authorized form of name
Oil Chemical and Atomic Workers International Union. Local 9-825.
Parallel form(s) of name
Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules
Other form(s) of name
- International Association of Oil Field, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America.
- Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union.
Identifiers for corporate bodies
Dates of existence
The Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union (OCAW) was founded as the International Association of Oil Field, Gas Well, and Refinery Workers of America in 1918 after a major strike in the Texas oil fields in late 1917. Local 9-825 was chartered by the Oil Chemical and Atomic Workers' International Union on February 17, 1969. However, this local was founded on February 1, 1942 when the International Longshoremen Association (ILA) organized the employees of S. Cunard & Co. For many years, the ILA represented the employees of S. Cunard & Co. Ltd., Archibald Coal & Dominion Coal. As oil became more prominent than coal, a feeling of separation began to emerge amongst the members. Oil workers wanted their own union because they felt that they had little in common with the members of the ILA. A separation took place in 1964 and Local 9-825 was chartered by the Oil Chemical and Atomic Workers' International Union in 1969.